Ocular Migraine (Visual Aura)

Ocular Migraine

Family Eye Care Center – Elkins, WV

“A Hyre Standard of Eye Care”

What Is Ocular Migraine?

An ocular migraine (migraine with visual aura) is an episode of vision loss in one eye, usually lasting less than one hour and is associated with a headache. An ocular migraine can mimic other serious conditions, so it is very important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible if experiencing these symptoms.

Symptoms of Ocular Migraine

Ocular migraine / visual aura signs or symptoms may include a blind spot in the central area of vision which can start small and get larger. It usually lasts less than 60 minutes. It usually presents in one eye. It can also affect the peripheral (side) vision.

How is Visual Aura / Ocular Migraine Diagnosed?

To diagnose ocular migraine with visual aura, Dr. Craig will review a thorough case history, including details about prior headaches and migraines. He will perform a comprehensive eye exam with dilation. Neurologic testing and/or additional blood work or imaging may be necessary to rule out other, more serious, causes.

Treatment for Ocular Migrane

Ocular migraine treatment will typically mirror migraine treatment based on the doctor’s recommendations. This may include over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen. More severe cases may require prescription medications to help with the migraines and symptoms that accompany migraines such as nausea.

Risk Factors

Ocular migraines are typically caused by reduced blood flow or spasms of blood vessels in the retina or behind the eye. Risk factors include:

Females more commonly affected

Age 30-39 most commonly affected

Family history of migraine


The best way to prevent ocular migraine is to follow migraine prevention measures including identifying triggers – and avoiding them. Keep a headache journal including information about what you were doing, eating, or medications taken before or after a headache occurs.

Common Migraine Triggers:


Hormonal Changes

Bright / Flashing Lights

Drinking Alcohol (Red Wine)

Weather Changes

Skipping Meals

Not Eating Enough

Eating Too Much

Too Little Sleep

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Contact Family Eye Care Center In Elkins, WV

You deserve the best possible eyesight. Get the crispest, clearest vision by scheduling a comprehensive eye exam at Family Eye Care Center in Elkins, WV. We offer diagnostic testing, corrective lenses and ocular migraine management for you and family members of all ages from birth onward. To learn more and schedule an appointment, call: (304) 636-9111.

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Much of the educational information provided on this page has been adapted with permission from copyrighted resources provided courtesy of American Optometric Association (AOA) for use by its members. AOA is the leading authority on quality eye health and vision care, representing doctors of optometry and optometric professionals throughout the United States.

No information on this page, or any other part of this website, may be copied or shared in any manner without the prior written consent of the copyright holder(s). The copyright holder of the educational content on this page is American Optometric Association. The copyright holder of the content of this website is Family Eye Care Center – Elkins, West Virginia.